䡣

🗣 IPA: wɐn6; 粵拼: wan6

詹憲慈《香港中文大學出版社·廣州語本字·371 䡣遠路》原文

䡣者繞別路行也俗讀䡣若運廣雅䡣還也廣韻䡣還也車相避也䡣之本義為車相避今謂䡣路行蓋以有所避故繞道行也集韻䡣胡昆切音渾

試解

  • 1者,繞別路行也。俗讀䡣若運。
  • []《廣雅》䡣:還也。
  • [北宋]《廣韻》䡣:還也。車相避也。䡣之本義為車相避。
  • 今謂䡣路行,蓋以有所避,故繞道行也。
  • [北宋]《集韻》䡣:胡昆切,音渾。

翻書仔注

[北宋]《廣韻》「䡣」有二音,「虚言切」及「戶昆切」車相避「戶昆切」:

  • 匣母全濁
  • 魂韻合口一等
  • 宋擬唐音 IPA: ɣuən 平調
  • 推算粵音 IPA: wɐn4 陽平調 🗣

推算音得陽平調,不合今實際讀音之陽去調。字義還也可理解為兩車相互修改車道,避免碰撞。修改車行方向並非必然繞別路行也。廣州話之運路行解繞別路行。「䡣」旣解車相避,應指車行轉向,非繞別路行。

廣州話之運路行本文認為是搵路行之音轉。「搵」乃俗字。本字為「夐」2,俗讀 IPA: wɐn2。此字於前文「𢿌」字篇已有論及。「夐」解營求,又作迥也,遠也。字義近本文之捨本路而繞遠路。《康熙字典》引 [北宋]《廣韻》注「許縣切」或「休正切」。 兩切皆屬曉母字3。從兩切推算粵音,近本文目標音 IPA: wɐn6 IPA: wyn3 wɪŋ3。亦即謂,因「夐」義有所合,音有所近,口語化「夐」字因義變音 IPA: wɐn6,或合陳伯煇教授因義變調之論。

「搵」今之粵音為 IPA: wɐn2 wɐn3搵路行作繞行遠路,須轉 IPA: wɐn3 IPA: wɐn6。乃陰去調轉陽去調。「搵」無營求義,然約定俗成,用「搵」作尋求已極通行。本文例句䡣遠路而行應從俗寫搵遠路而行。論本字則應為夐遠路


Synopsis:

To say in Cantonese to make a detour is IPA: wɐn6 or IPA: wɐn6 lou6 as in change route. The book suggested the word for IPA: wɐn6. The sample phrase in the book is 䡣遠路 which means literally to detour to a longer route. According to the dictionaries, is either a part of a cart or to adjust the course of a cart by steering it away to avoid collision. Since avoiding collision does not necessarily to go on a longer route, this article believes a better Original Character candidate is . was analysed in an earlier article establishing it as the Original Character of , the popular word used to mean “to look for”. Another meaning of is to go faraway. Although the pronunciation is only close and not an exact match, this article believes that the word is a better candidate for the Original Character in this context.

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  1. []《康熙字典·車部·九》䡣:《廣韻》戸昆切《集韻》《韻會》胡昆切,𠀤音渾。《說文》軛軥也。又《廣韻》還也。車相避也。又《廣韻》虛言切。與軒同。
  2. []《康熙字典·夊部·十一》夐:《字彙》呼眩切,音絢。《說文》營求也。又呼正切,音榮。姓也。又戸頂切。與迥同。《司馬相如·上林賦》儵夐遠去。《正字通》夐字之譌。
  3. https://zh-yue.wikipedia.org/wiki/曉母

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